Accounting for Cost of Engineering Design
- Life-cycle optimization should include trading design costs vs.
       other costs
  - Cost of CAD tools
  - Cost of engineers
  - Cost of prototyping
- Dysfunctional organizations hinder proper tradeoffs by not
       accounting for costs properly
  - Inability to trade capital software costs against engineering
       time (e.g., $200 - $1000 limit on software without
       1 year wait)
Organizational Challenge:
  - Properly account for development costs to appropriately use
       CAD & simulation